織襪機台的歷史與變化
HISTORY AND EVOLUTION OF KNITTING MACHINES

早期的手搖式織襪機,現今多已塵封或淘汰的機種。
Manual knitting machine used in early stages: They had been put in stock or weeded out.
臺灣製造的半自動式織襪機,現今僅存少量機臺繼續服役。
Semi-automatic knitting machines: Only a few of them are still running.
民國五十年代至六十年代期間的舊半自動 式織襪機,多半已成為塵封角落的鐵製品。
Semi-automatic knitting machines used between 1960 and 1970: Most of them had been put in stock.
民國50、60年代間引進日本大東(Daito)公司所製造的2口26段提花織襪機,依滾筒內針數分為96、132、144、176、200、216型 。
Jacquard knitting machines imported from Daito Co., Ltd., Japan between 1960 and 1970: models varied from stitch counts in the cylinders as Model 96, 132, 144, 176, 200, and 216.
捷克製DERA織襪機,也是充滿歷史的老機器,也服役了三、四十年歷史 。
DERA knitting machine made .in the Czech Republic : They had run for thirty to forty years.
電腦控制提花織襪機,提高了每日的生產量,也節省許多工時及人力的看管。
Computerized jacquard knitting machines: They increase the daily output and save labor hours and labor.
時代
Years
主要機型
major knitting machine models
生產效能
output
改良部分
Improvement
影響
Affect
30
1930-1940
手搖式織襪機
manual operation
一人操作一台每天工作十小時,生產成人襪3-5打
1 machine/operator, 3-5 dz/10 hr/day for adults' socks
  形成勞力密集型產業
An intensive labor industry was formed.
半自動式無提花織襪機
semi-automatic, non- jacquard
產量和人工手搖式織襪機差異不大,一人操作一台
about the same as the manual machines',1 machine/one operator
以皮帶連接馬達轉動,代替人工手搖
operated by motor
僅節省了手搖人力
less labor required only
50
1950-1960
半自動式提花織襪機
semi-automatic jacquard
可在襪子上織造簡單的圖案
simple patterns are available on hosiery
凸輪部分增加織造花樣的功能
with jacquard attachment on cams
 
全自動式無提花織襪機
automatic, non- jacquard
平均一小時生產6-8雙成人襪,且1人可同時看守10台
6-8 pairs of adult socks/hr,10 machines/operator
凸輪正反轉功能自動化,可自動打腳跟。
automatic reversible cams, forming heels automatically
節省人工、手搖式織襪機逐漸被淘汰
labor economic,manual machines were weeded out gradually
全自動式25段提花織襪機
automatic 25-step jacquard
由於花樣較複雜,1人可同時看守4-10台
more complicated patterns available, 4-10machines/operator
提花控制部分加強
The control of jacquard was strengthened.
民國53年開始,襪類開始外銷,織襪業因此進入興盛期,此型機器成為當時生產的主力
Export started in 1964. Since then, the business flourished. The products were mainly made by machines.
70
1970
全自動式電腦控制式織襪機(電腦)
automatic computerized
雖然每小時產量與全自動提花機無差異,但1人可看守20台
same as the automatic jacquard's, but20 machines/operator
自動剪襪、自動縫口、花色圖案可由織襪業者以程式自行設計
automatic cutting, stitching, with programs for pattern designing
大量減少人工,增加對業者在電腦技術方面的要求
Much less labor is needed while more computer skills are required.
80
1980
無滾筒式電腦控制提花織襪機(全電腦)
Non-cylinder computerized (fully computerization)
  以電腦程式及伺服馬達直接控制凸輪、連桿的動作
The cams and lever are directly controlled by computer programs and server motors.
機械耗損率降低,機械維修之需求減少,但對電子組件依賴度增強
The machines consume slowly; therefore, they need less maintenance and repairs but rely more on electronic components.

資料來源: 劉寶齡(2000)《欲走還留-社頭織襪工業生產體系與空間結構之變化》
Sources: Pao-ling Liu (2000) 《 THE CHANGES OF THE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM OF HOSIERY KNITTING INDUSTRY AND THE SPACE CONSTRUCTION IN SHE-TOU 》