1952-1977

1952-1977家家都是董事長—大型襪廠關閉,眾多中小型襪廠興起
1952 - 1977A PRESIDENT IN EVERY FAMILY - BIG FACTORY SHUT DOWN, SMALL AND MEDIUM FACTORIES OPENED UP.

在鄭氏父子引進織襪業後,居民也因應政府紡織政策的優惠,一一投入了織襪產業,民國41年時,社頭鄉內就有39家襪廠成立,不過當時都是手工經營,規模並不大。直到蕭氏集團(蕭柏舟、蕭柏煌、蕭柏楠、蕭柏潔四兄弟)創立之紡織工廠—「大同實業」,才將織襪業帶進自動生產的領域。
After what the Zhengs did for the hosiery industry, the government carried out some favorable polices to encourage people to invest in hosiery business. People in Shetou gave enthusiastic response to it. In 1952, there were 39 hosiery factories in the town. Nevertheless, the productivity was low because all of them made socks with manual machines. They didn't start automatic production until the Hsiao Brothers 【P. C. Hsiao (蕭柏舟),P. H. Hsiao(蕭柏煌),P. N. Hsiao(蕭柏楠),P. C. Hsiao(蕭柏潔)】 set up "Ta Tong (大同實業)".

大同實業在民國45年左右由棉襪改為開始生產尼龍伸縮絲,業務量也隨之大增,進而投入大量資金,引進大量半自動和全自動織襪機台,從原料到成品全部流程都一貫作業在場內進行,員工高達兩三千人,可說是社頭當時規模最大的織襪工廠!但民國66年時,因世界石油危機及營運策略錯誤宣告解散。
After "Ta Tong(大同實業)" changed their production from cotton socks to nylon elastic yarn in about 1956, their business increased quickly. Thus, they invested a lot of money in installing many semi-automatic and automatic hosiery machines which completed the entire production process, from raw materials to finished products, in plant. It was the biggest hosiery factory in Shetou, with more than 2,000 employees. However, in 1977, the business was closed due to the worldwide oil crisis and improper business policies.

當時公司解散後,因為當時織襪市場需求量仍大,工廠裡的織襪機台和相關資源便被員工買下,希望繼續從事織襪生產。然而,對於員工而言,礙於資金龐大無法進行一貫作業,卻又希望自行創業,於是利用本身的技術及機台投入襪業生產,為降低生產成本而透過「分工合作」的外包制度就此形成。此外,民國50-60年代政府提倡「家庭即工廠」政策,使得一般家庭也可申請重電,更助於鄉民加入織襪行業,這也是「社頭家家都是董事長」的原因。
Although the factory was closed up, the market demand for hosiery still existed. People who had worked in "Ta Tong(大同)"bought in the hosiery machines and related resources with a hope to continue the business. However, as far as those employees were concerned, they didn't have enough capital to start the consistent integrated production, but still they wanted to launch their own career with their techniques and machines. As a result, the farming-out system was set up to lower their production costs. Furthermore, from 1960 to 1980, thanks to the government's policy - "Factory at Home" which encouraged people to set up a factory in their houses, people were allowed to apply for power supply for industrial purpose. Thus, more people went into the hosiery business. That was why people said that there was a president in every family at Shetou.